Soil types within Eastford as defined by the USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service. Descriptions of texture, depth, drainage and other features of each soil type may be found at http://www.ct.nrcs.usda.gov:
- Prime farm soils of statewide importance: Connecticut’s most fertile, stone-free soils. As a “hilltown” dominated by stony glacial till soils, Eastford has relatively few of these soils, making them disproportionately important. SOURCE: Connecticut Department of Agriculture.
- Locally important farm soils: Soils with the same fertility but somewhat stonier. These soils also grow timber and forest products well. SOURCE: USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service.
- Wetlands: Sites specifically protected by state law because of their many important ecological functions, e.g. absorbing and storing floodwaters, cleaning water, wildlife habitat, etc. SOURCE: USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service.
Geologic history has created a roughly 7,000 acre area in the geographic center of Eastford within which the majority of both prime farm soils and actively farmed land exists. Nearly half (47%) of the soils in this area are prime or locally important farm soils, as opposed to 9% in the rest of town. This area also includes our two village centers (Eastford Center and Phoenixville). Maintaining active commercial agriculture in this area makes economic sense for our town, will protect our best soils for the future and will help retain our valued rural character.
SOURCE: Eastford Conservation & Historic Preservation
- Hydrography: The rivers, streams, lakes and ponds located in Eastford. SOURCE: Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).
- Known wild trout areas: Streams where year-round populations of native wild trout are known to exist. Indicators of high quality cold water aquatic habitat. SOURCE: Connecticut Division of Fisheries and Wildlife.
- Basins and sub-basins (watersheds): The total land area draining into a given water body or system. SOURCE: DEP.
Stratified drift deposits: Course grained alluvial deposits of sands and gravels with the potential to supply significant amounts of clean water for future residential or commercial use. The deeper the deposit, the greater the water yield is likely to be. SOURCE: U.S. Geologic Survey; Green Valley Institute.
While all undeveloped lands have some natural resource value, those with multiple resources of importance on the same site can be particularly valuable. This map ranks all lands in Eastford from least to greatest in terms of the number of these resources that are found there: forest, farmland, prime farm soils, wetlands, undeveloped riparian areas, stratified drift deposits, adjacency to known wild trout habitats, adjacency to permanently protected or significant open space, existence of a natural diversity database site, and/or located within a significant watershed, an unfragmented open space block or corridor, and/or the primary agricultural resource area.
Properties that are permanently protected from develop and/or otherwise significant as open space because of their large size, ownership or other attributes. Includes state forest, Yale Forest, municipal lands and private lands on which the development rights have been sold or donated. SOURCE: DEP and the Green Valley Institute.
A 2003 map derived from satellite photography showing what is currently on the land and/or how it is used (forest, agriculture, developed, etc). SOURCE: University of Connecticut Center for Land Use Education and Research. Thirty meter resolution limits specificity.
These are areas where a confirmed sighting of a plant or animal species that is rare, endangered or of special concern occurred within the past 30 years. SOURCE: DEP. To protect the species the DEP will only release ¼-mile radius circles, somewhere within which the sighting occurred.